Cost Accounting Questions
Given: Total budgeted overheads = Shs.240,000
Production budget is as follows:
The overhead absorption rater per unit of A and B using the following methods:
- Unit method
- Percentage on material cost.
- Percentage on labour cost.
- Percentage On prime cost.
- Labour hour rate.
- Machine hour rate. (Total:20 Marks)
A Factory issues a job employee A to produce 35 articles; it takes two standard hours to produce each article. Another job is given to employee B to produce 60 articles; it takes one and half standard hours to produce each article. For every hour saved, a bonus is paid at 50% of the base, which is Sh.200 per hour. The factory works a 40-hour week and overtime is paid at a rate of one and a third. At the end of the week, A’s articles and B’s clock cards show 49 and 46 hours respectively and the work is complete. However, three of A’s articles and three B’s articles failed to pass inspection. This was due to defective material and in view of this all the articles produced were paid for, although as scrap they have no seleable value.
For both A and B:
- Bonus due (8 marks)
- Total gross wages due (8 marks)
- Wages cost per unit of articles passing inspection (4 marks) (Total: 20 marks)
ABC Company manufactures leather produces with various end uses. The company applies factory overheads to individual jobs on the basis of machine hours for department A, and on the basis of direct labour cost for department B. The following budget estimates were made by the company at the star of year 2:
|Department A||Department B|
|Direct material cost||800,000||600,000|
|Direct labour cost||600,000||500,000|
|Direct labour hours||40,000||50,000|
Cost records kept by the company showed that Job No.T506 consumed the following inputs during the year:
|Department A||Department B|
|Direct labour cost||4,800||Shs.4,000|
|Direct labour hours||400||500|
- Determine the overhead application rate for both department A and B.
- Calculate the total cost of Job No.T506.
- Suppose the job consists of 50 items, what would be the cost per unit?
- At the end of the year 2, total factory overheads incurred amounted to shs.975,000. A total of 110,000 machine hours were worked in department A while the total labour cost for department B was Shs.540,000.
Calculate the over- or under- applied for the company as a whole and indicate whether it is
favourable or unfavourable. (Total20 Marks)
- Equator Garments Ltd. Manufactures custom-made suits tailored to the requirements of each customer. They use predetermined overhead absorption rates in allocating overheads to each job. In the cutting department, the rate is based on direct labour hours and in the stitching department the rate is based on machine hours. The management of Equator Garments Ltd., wants to set overhead absorption rates to help in determining prices in the next financial year. The cost accountant has provided the following budgeted data for the next financial year.
Cutting Stitching Direct labour cost Shs.1,200,000 Shs.750,000 Factory overhead Shs.1,500,000 Shs.1,620,000 Direct labour hours 60,000 30,000 Machine hours - 40,00
Calculate the overhead absorption rates for each department
- The following data relates to Job No.a4
Cutting Stitching Direct materials Shs.500 Shs.750 Direct labour hours 30 10 Machine hours - 20
Administration overheads are absorbed at 25% on factory costs.
Profit mark-up is 331/3 % on cost.
- Prepare a cost statement for job A4 showing the price that will be charged to the customer.
At the end of the year, the following data was obtained:
Cutting Stitching Hours actually worked Direct labour hours 68,000 30,000 Machine hours - 17,000 Factory overhead cost incurred 1,600,000 760,00
Calculate the amount of under or over absorption for each department.
(Your attention is drawn to the interrelation between a, b, and c). (Total:20 Marks)
Bogi and Whispers, Certified Public Accountants use a form of job order costing system.
An auditing client may be served by various members of staff who hold professional positions in the hierarchy, managers, and audit seniors to assistants. In addition, there are secretaries and other support employees.
Suppose that Bogi and Whispers have the following budget for 20X4:
|Compensation of professional staff||40,000,000|
|Total budgeted costs||64,000,000|
Each professional member of staff must submit a weekly time report, which is used to assign costs to jobs. An example is the time report of an audit senior:
|Week of November 4, 20X4||S||M||T||W||T||F||S||Total|
|Professional development (attending seminars on computer auditing)||8|
In turn, these reports are used for charging hours to a client job-order, summarized as follows for Client A:
|Week of Nov.4||Nov. 11||Total hours||Billing rates||Total billed|
In many cases these job-cost sheets bear only a summary of the hours charged. Each class of labour is billed at an appropriate hourly rate, so that the job-cost sheet is the central basis for billing the client.
- Supposing this firm had a policy of charging overhead to jobs at a predetermined percentage of the salaries charged to the job. The experience of the firm has been that chargeable hours average 80 per cent of available hours for all categories of professional staff. The non-chargeable hours are regarded as additional overhead. What is the overhead rate as a percentage of “direct labour” (the chargeable professional compensation cost)?
- Compute the total cost of the Client A job for the two weeks that began November 4, 20X4. Assume that the average weekly compensation (based on a 40-hour week) of the personnel working on this job is: Partners, Sh.20,000; Managers, Sh.12,000; Audit Seniors, Sh.80,000; Assistants, Sh.4,000.
- As the tabulation for Client A implies, the job order often consists of only the time and no cost. Instead, the revenue is computed via multiplying the time by the billing rates. Suppose the partners’ profit objective is 20% of the total costs budgeted, what predetermined percentage of the salaries charged to the jobs would be necessary to achieve a total billing rate as a percentage of “direct labour”?
Very briefly state what use you might make of the data computed on the job orders in addition to billing.
(Total: 20 Marks)
In a factory with for production departments and two service departments and two service departments, the operating costs for the month of October were as shown below. The costs of running the canteen in apportioned to department on the basis of the estimated use of the canteen by the employees in each department. Similarly, the cost of the boiler house is apportioned on the basis of the estimated consumption of power used by each department.
|Cost for October were:||Shs|
The service departments are apportioned as follows:
- Prepare a cost statement showing the costs of operating the four production departmentsafter the cost of the service departments have been re-apportioned. (15 marks)
- Comment briefly on the problems associated with apportioning department coststo productive departments. (5 marks) (Total: 20 mark)